Asia and the Pacific
    
    
Kalinga Mission for Indigenous Children and Youth Development, Inc. (KAMICYDI) - Philippines

Kalinga Mission for Indigenous Children and Youth Development, Inc. (KAMICYDI) works to improve food security for the indigenous Kalinga people of the Philippines Cordillera, while ensuring the ecological integrity of the area's mountain forests. The association draws from traditional farming practices and customary forest management systems.

These traditional approaches have been augme

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Aharam Traditional Crops Producers’ Company- India

Aharam Traditional Crops Producers' Company works with socially marginalized rural producers to conserve biodiversity in the semi-arid Ramnad Plains of Tamil Nadu state. The initiative uses a producer group model focused on women and landless labourers to promote organic farming practices that improve crop diversity and agro-biodiversity. The group's work has aimed at reducing dependence on cot

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Alliance for Integrated Development- Nepal

Developed as a response to the overexploitation of natural resources, wildlife poaching, and water pollution, the Alliance for Integrated Development Nepal (AID-Nepal) protects and manages the resources of Jagadishpur, an ‘important bird area’, a Ramsar site, and the largest manmade reservoir in Nepal. AID-Nepal works to create sustainable livelihoods wh

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Amal-Krabbei Tabu Eria (AKTE, Amal-Crab Bay Community Resource Management Initiative)- Vanuatu

The successes of the Amal-Crab Bay initiative in conserving marine resources in their tabu area, located on the eastern coastline of the island of Malekula, Vanuatu, has been underpinned by the use of a traditional resource management system and innovative awareness-raising efforts. The bay forms part of the Port Stanley mangrove area, and is home to extensive fringing reefs, sea grass beds, an

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Arnavon Community Marine Conservation Area Management Committee- Solomon Islands

The Arnavon Community Marine Conservation Area Management Committee was established in 1995 as the first community-managed marine conservation area in the Solomon Islands. The 157-km² area is home to nesting grounds of the endangered Hawksbill sea turtle. This Marine Protected Area, created to stem the overexploitation of dwindling marine resources, attracts ecotourism that provides a valu

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Camalandaan Agroforestry Farmers’ Association (CAFA)- Philippines

The Camalandaan Agroforestry Farmers' Association works to conserve fragments of lowland limestone forest on the Philippines island of Negros through on-farm tree conservation in the Southern Cauayan Municipal Forest and Watershed Reserve. The association is made up of local farmers who have been allocated rights to plots of land by the government as part of a community-based forest management

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Center for Empowerment and Resource Development - Philippines

The Center for Empowerment and Resource Development works in the Caraga region of the Philippines to conserve marine and coastal resources while improving the sustainability of local fisher livelihoods. The Centre's approach has been to put management of natural resources squarely in the hands of fisherfolk associations, working with local governments to develop barangay resolutions, municipal

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Chunoti Co-Management Committee - Bangladesh

The Chunoti Co-Management Committee (CMC) protects the once-degraded Chunoti Wildlife Sanctuary through the coordination of volunteer patrols and reinvestment of ecotourism revenues into conservation activities.  Illegal logging and unsustainable resource extraction were threatening the Chunoti forest.  The community mobilized and advocated for a protected area co-management arrangeme

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Community Development Centre (CDC)- Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka's Community Development Centre (CDC) has worked to improve rural livelihoods through conservation of indigenous tuber varieties using seed banks managed by women-led self-help groups. Local technologies are used for seed production, with training on in-situ conservation of native varieties on individual land parcels. These self-help cooperatives are organized into federations of aroun

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Community-Based Integrated Rural Development (CBIRD) Centre, Sub Tai- Thailand

The CBIRD Centre in the village of Sub Tai, in the Pak Chong District of north-eastern Thailand, is one of many such centres across the country, launched by Thailand's Population and Community Development Association in the mid-1980s. These Community-Based Integrated Rural Development Centres confront the twin challenges of low economic development and biodiversity loss through the participatio

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Conservation Society of Pohnpei (CSP)- Micronesia, Federated States

Since 1998, the Conservation Society of Pohnpei (CSP) has worked to improve the ecological and social sustainability of a network of seven marine protected areas around the island of Pohnpei in the Federated States of Micronesia. Through environmental education and biological monitoring programmes, the initiative has coordinated marine conservation efforts across Pohnpei, while encouraging a di

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Consevesen Melenesia (Conservation Melanesia)- Papua New Guinea

Since 1995, the biologically diverse Collingwood Bay area on the coast of Oro Province, north-eastern Papua New Guinea, has been the setting for a conflict between the province's 3,000 indigenous Maisin people and proposed commercial logging and palm oil development within the community's 262,000 hectares of ancestral lands. In 1998, 38,000 hectares of tropical forest were fraudulently signed o

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Dewan Penasihat Pengelolaan Taman Nasional Bunaken (BNPMAB, Bunaken National Park Management Advisory Board)- Indonesia

Dewan Penasihat Pengelolaan Taman Nasional Bunaken (BNPMAB, Bunaken National Park Management Advisory Board) is a landmark case for local co-management of a marine protected area in Indonesia. The initiative brings together government agencies, international partners, and local communities in the collaborative management of the Bunaken National Park in North Sulawesi. The park comprises more th

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Dự án bảo tồn đồng cỏ bàng Phú Mỹ (Phu My Lepironia Wetland Conservation Project)- Viet Nam

Located in the southwest corner of the Mekong Delta, the Ha Tien Plain is a shallow basin where floodwaters pool to create vast grasslands. In response to several failed attempts to convert the plain for Eucalyptus forestry, rice cultivation, and shrimp aquaculture, a partnership between conservationists and a local village community has demonstrated that its resources can be sustainably manage

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Farmers’ Association for Rural Upliftment (FARU) - Philippines

The Farmers' Association for Rural Upliftment (FARU) is an initiative of the Chananaw indigenous people of Kalinga Province in the Philippines. The initiative aims to protect the environmental integrity of the Chananaw's ancestral domain through improved land management and more efficient agricultural techniques. Catalysts for the formation of the initiative included large-scale mining and geot

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FORMADAT: The Alliance of the Indigenous Peoples of the Highlands in the Heart of Borneo- Indonesia,Malaysia

This trans-border indigenous peoples alliance came together in 2004 to build on the shared historical and cultural bonds between the Lundayeh, Kelabit, Lun Bawang, and Sa'ban peoples living in the highlands of the heart of Borneo. The Alliance of the Indigenous Peoples of the Highlands in the Heart of Borneo (FORMADAT) aims to integrate conservation and development at the landscape level and to

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Genetic Resource, Energy, Ecology and Nutrition (GREEN) Foundation- India

With the aim of preserving seed diversity and genetic heritage, encouraging the adoption of organic farming practices, and improving rural livelihoods, GREEN Foundation works through around 40 farmers' groups – termed Krishi Self-Help Groups – covering 30 villages across the northern districts of Karnataka, comprising a target population of almost 5,000 farmers, with a particular fo

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Green Watershed- China

Formed in response to a 1998 Lashihai dam project that flooded large areas of farmland and left the Yi indigenous people displaced, Green Watershed has become a model of indigenous self-organization and participatory watershed management. The group responded to displacement by founding four autonomous organizations for sustainable resource management, each of which have achieved remarkable resu

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I-tokani nei Sisi (Sisi Initiative Site Support Group)- Fiji

Fiji’s Sisi Initiative manages natural resources around the periphery of the Natewa Tunuloa Important Bird Area.  The organization has established a 600-hectare community protected forest and developed alternative livelihood options for the area’s indigenous landowners.  Developed in response to illegal logging, forest fires, overgrazing, agricultural encroachment and inva

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Kanghua Community Development Center- China

The Kangmei Institute of Community Development and Marketing assists villagers in the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River in China to establish farmer cooperatives and resource management plans that promote the sustainable harvesting of wild herbs and protect giant panda bear habitats.  The unsustainable extraction of medicinal plants has historically had a negative impact on pandas

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Kelompok Peduli Lingkungan Belitung- Indonesia

On an archipelago off the east coast of Sumatra that has been devastated by tin mining and unmitigated industrial development, Kelompok Peduli Lingkungan Belitung is working to rehabilitate, protect, and sustainably manage coastal resources. Community management of coral reefs, mangroves, fishing zones, and tropical forests has led to improved livelihoods and the restoration of a unique marine

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Kerala Kani Community Welfare Trust- India

The Kerala Kani Community Welfare Trust is the result of an innovative partnership between a community of the indigenous Kani people, based in the Western Ghats, Kerala, and a private institute that has developed a medicinal product using local genetic resources and traditional knowledge. The discovery of the medicinal qualities of the Arogyapacha plant (Trichopus zeylanicus) was based on its l

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Komunitas Adat Muara Tae- Indonesia

Komunitas Adat Muara Tae is a community of Dayak people in Kalimantan fighting for the protection of their customary forests.  Of their original 11,000 hectares of land, only 4,000 hectares remain, the rest having been lost to illegal clear-cutting by palm oil, mining, and logging companies. Through community mapping, demarcation of their traditional territory, and advocacy with government

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Komunitas Nelayan Tomia (KOMUNTO, Fishing Community of Tomia)- Indonesia

The Komunitas Nelayan Tomia (KOMUNTO, Fishing Community of Tomia) is a community-based organization composed of representatives of fishers' groups from East Tomia, Indonesia. The organization was established in response to shared community concerns regarding foreign commercial fishing, the use of destructive fishing methods, and a vacuum in local government leadership on the sustainable managem

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Komunitas Ngata Toro (Ngata Toro Community)- Indonesia

The Komunitas Ngata Toro's 22,300 hectares of traditional lands lie partly within Lore Lindu National Park, a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve located on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. Since 1993, two local organizations have worked to strengthen traditions, customary laws, and local institutions for sustainable use of forest, land and water resources.

The Organization for the Indigenous Wo

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Làng tre Phú An (Bamboo Village of Phu An)- Viet Nam

The village of Phu An, located north of Saigon, was heavily bombed during the Viet Nam War. Làng tre Phú An (Bamboo Village of Phu An) has created an Eco-Museum of Bamboo and Botanical Conservatory with the aim of conserving biodiversity, protecting the region's bamboo forests, andhelping to "transform the iron triangle into a green triangle." The initiative carries out conservati

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Matabose E Qarava Na Veika Vakai- Qoliqoli E Viti (Fiji Locally-Managed Marine Area Network)- Fiji

The community of Ucunivanua on the eastern coast of Fiji's largest island was the site of the first locally managed marine area (LMMA) in Fiji in 1997. Scientists from the University of the South Pacific supported environmentalists and local villagers in declaring a ban on harvesting within a stretch of inshore waters for three years, building on the tradition of taboo prohibitions for certain

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Medicinal Plants Conservation Centre - India

The Medicinal Plants Conservation Centre encourages conservation, supports local livelihoods, and improves the health of rural communities in the Indian state of Maharashtra, focusing on the revitalization of traditional health practices and the use of medicinal plants. In cooperation with the state Forest Department, and with local communities in the lead, MPCC uses nurseries and commercial he

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MESCOT- Malaysia

The MESCOT initiative works in forest rehabilitation, ecotourism, and invasive species eradication to improve livelihood options for the community of Batu Puteh, in the Lower Kinabatangan region of Malaysia. This area has been documented on many occasions as a site of mega-biodiversity and stands out due to its high concentrations of lowland wildlife, particularly large mammals and primates –

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Monks Community Forest- Cambodia

Monks Community Forest is an 18,261 ha area of evergreen forest in northwest Cambodia. In response to widespread deforestation, the monks of the Samraong Pagoda acquired legal protection of the forest, and have established patrol teams, demarcated the Forest's boundaries, and raised environmental awareness among local communities. The monks have developed unique approaches to law enforcement ba

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Nam Ha Ecotourism Project- Laos

Located in the remote northern province of Luang Namtha on Lao PDR's border with China, the 222,400-hectare Nam Ha National Protected Area includes some of the country's most significant wilderness areas. Altitudes range from river valleys and plains to northern highland peaks, supporting a broad range of habitats and biodiversity.

Since 1999, conservation efforts in the area have been

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Namdrik Atoll Local Resources Committee- Marshall Islands

The Marshall Islands is one of the most vulnerable nations in the world to the impacts of climate change and has economies that are dependent on declining fisheries. Comité des ressources locales de l’atoll de Namdrik is promoting a model of community self-sufficiency, local food security and adaptation.  Traditional crops such as breadfruit, taro and native pandanus have been

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Nguna-Pele Marine and Land Protected Area Network- Vanuatu

This network of marine and terrestrial protected areas spanning the Vanuatu islands of Nguna and Pele has brought together local, national and international actors in a diverse partnership for the conservation of the area's unique biodiversity. The network comprises sixteen indigenous communities engaged in the conservation of more than 3,000 hectares of marine and terrestrial resources.

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OL Sepik I Lukautim Wara Na PukPuk (Sepik Wetlands Management Initiative)- Papua New Guinea

In its work with 50 communities along the Sepik River – the longest river in New Guinea – the OL Sepik I Lukautim Wara Na PukPuk (Sepik Wetlands Management Initiative) has transformed the local economy and local treatment of wetlands. The sustainable harvest of crocodile eggs from nest sites along the river has become an important source of income for local residents; previously, cr

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PENAGMANNAK- Philippines

Pederasyon sa Nagkahiusang mga Mag-uuma nga Nanalipud ug Nagpasig-uli sa Kinaiyahan (PENAGMANNAK) is a federation of seventeen peoples' organizations – self-help groups or cooperatives – working to conserve biodiversity in the Mt. Talinis area of Negro Oriental province. With their roots in the Mt. Talinis and Twin Lakes Biodiversity Conservation project (1996-1999), these groups' early act

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Persatuan Penduduk Uma Bawang (UBRA, Uma Bawang Residents’ Association)- Malaysia

This community-based organization operates in the forests of the Malaysian state of Sarawak. While the customary land rights of the association's indigenous Kayan people are recognized by the Malaysian government, many lands have not been officially demarcated, making them vulnerable to conflicting claims from outside interests. Members of the association work with GIS survey and mapping techno

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Pred Nai Mangrove Conservation and Development Group - Thailand

This community-based organization was founded in the mid-1980s to reverse the effects of destructive mangrove harvesting near the coastal village of Pred Nai. A parallel goal was the recovery of local crab populations, which are an important source of income for poorer members of the community. After developing a strong track-record of successful forest management and ecosystem restoration, the

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Prey Lang Community Network (PLCN)- Cambodia

Working to protect a 500,000-hectare forest in the Cambodian lowlands – the largest primary lowland evergreen forest remaining in the country – Prey Lang Community Network is an alliance of indigenous Kuy communities that is using communications technologies to document forest crime. Since 2007, the network has advocated against illegal logging and large

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Rush and Reed Conservation and Diversification Program - Sri Lanka

The Committee for People's Rights (Podujana Himikam Kamituwa), a local NGO based in Kalutara District, southwestern Sri Lanka, has pioneered the reintroduction of rush and reed species to household paddy fields for processing into value-added handicraft products.

The Rush and Reed Conservation and Diversification Program aims to ensure the sustainable use of natural resources, to protec

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Samudram Women’s Federation- India

Samudram is a federation of 160 women's self-help groups across 50 villages in Ganjam and the nearby districts of Orissa, India. The Federation works at the intersection of biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction, empowering its more than 1,500 economically-marginalized members with income generation activities, while conserving Olive Ridley Turtle nesting sites.

Samudram undert

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Shashwat - India

Shashwat is a grassroots initiative that was developed in response to the displacement of Koli Mahadeo, Thakars, and Katkaris tribal peoples by construction of the Dimbhe dam, which submerged eleven villages and destroyed cropland in another thirteen.  The organization helps local communities to develop small-scale fishing activities in the dam reservoir, and improve agricultural productio

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Shidhulai Swanirvar Sangstha- Bangladesh

In the low-lying northwestern region of Bangladesh, a mosaic of wetland ponds and waterways make travel extremely difficult, particularly during the monsoon season when extensive flooding occurs. To address this challenge, Shidhulai Swanirvar Sangstha operates a fleet of 54 solar-powered boats to deliver services that range from schools to agricultural extension centers. The vessels are able to

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Sri Lanka Wildlife Conservation Society (SLWCS)- Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka Wildlife Conservation Society (SLWCS) works to enable communities across the country to balance ecosystem protection and economic development by exploring ways to resolve human-elephant conflict through community development, capacity building, and research.

Recognizing that one of the biggest threats to elephants in Sri Lanka is conflict with humans, often through crop r

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Tetepare Descendants’ Association (TDA)- Solomon Islands

Tetepare Descendants’ Association (TDA) officially represents the legal owners of Tetepare Island, the largest uninhabited island in the tropical Pacific and one of the last remaining unlogged tropical islands in world.  To resist pressures from industrial logging companies, the association has created ‘community conservation agreements’ whereby indigenous landholders are

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The Pendeba Society of the Tibet Autonomous Region- China

To safeguard the Qomolangma National Nature Preserve – an area that is roughly the size of Taiwan – this grassroots initiative employs locally-nominated volunteers known as pendebas from each of the 406 villages within the protected area to promote environmental conservation, improve family health, advance options for income generation, and organize collective action for common good

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Tmatboey Community Protected Area Committee- Cambodia

The village of Tmatboey comprises 236 families, some from the Kui minority ethnic group, and lies within Preah Vihear province, in the remote Northern Plains of Cambodia. The plains of Preah Vihear are home to the world's largest breeding populations of Giant Ibis and White-Shouldered Ibis – both critically endangered species; in total, the area supports 50 species on the IUCN Red List, and i

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Traditional Healer Association, Chhattisgarh - India

In a region plagued by hunger and malnutrition, poor water and hygiene, and high communicable disease rates, the Traditional Healer Association, Chhattisgarh at Bilaspur (THAC) is taking an inventive approach to reducing infantmortality, improving maternal health, and facilitating local access to medical care. The association empowers ‘village botanists’ to serve as agents

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Tree Kangaroo Conservation Program- Papua New Guinea

The Tree Kangaroo Conservation Program manages a community conservation area and locally-owned forest, the first of its kind in Papua New Guinea. The locally-driven initiative undertakes a range of activities to protect the watershed and provide the local population with sustainable livelihoods. The conservation area covers 78,729 hectares of habitat, protecting endemic and endangered wildlife

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Tribal Communities of the Jeypore Tract of Orissa- India

The M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) was concerned about the rapid depletion of rice diversity in the Jeypore tract of the Indian state of Orissa, once the home of the largest number of rice varieties in India. In 1998, the foundation undertook to improve the condition of poor farmers while revitalizing vanishing rice varieties, combining modern and traditional approaches for the co

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Trowel Development Foundation- Philippines

Trowel Development Foundation is a community-based organization employing climate-adapted aquaculture technology to replant mangroves. Mangrove reforestation efforts have focused on planting native tree species in strategic areas, resulting in restored marine biodiversity, food security, and protection of coastal areas.

The initiative also works to increase local incomes and improve liv

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Tulele Peisa- Papua New Guinea

Facing sea level rise, food shortages due to saltwater flooding, and other threats associated with climate change, this organization has organized for the voluntary relocation of the indigenous peoples of the Carterets Islands.  This is one of the first community-driven ‘climate change refugee’ relocation efforts in the region. Sustainable natural resource management is at the

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Wanang Conservation Area- Papua New Guinea

Developed in response commercial logging pressures and a lack of public services, the Wanang Conservation Area is an alliance of ten indigenous, rainforest-dwelling clans that together protect 10,000 hectares of forest for biodiversity research, carbon storage, and sustainable livelihoods. The initiative maintains a 'forest dynamics plot', where they have planted more than 280,000 trees to stud

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Yayasan Kerang Lestari Teluk Pemuteran (Pemuteran Bay Coral Protection Foundation)- Indonesia

Yayasan Kerang Lestari Teluk Pemuteran (Pemuteran Bay Coral Protection Foundation) was started in response to the collapse of the local fishing industry near the Pemuteran community in Bali, due in large measure to coral reef loss from sedimentation, rising water temperatures, and unsustainable fishing methods such as reef bombing.  The organization oversees more than 70 artificial ‘

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Yayasan Mitra Tani Mandiri (Foundation for Partnership with Independent Farmers)- Indonesia

In collaboration with 40 villages in the northern-central district of Timor, Yayasan Mitra Tani Mandiri aims to develop sustainable agricultural systems to increase productivity and provide alternative sources of income, with the aim of helping communities develop economic independence.

A sustainable agriculture and fair marketing initiative provides a collective marketing option for lo

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Yayasan Pengelolaan Lokal Kawasan Laut (Community-based Marine Management Foundation)- Indonesia

The Yayasan Pengelolaan Lokal Kawasan Laut (Community-based Marine Management Foundation) coordinates conservation, environmental education and livelihoods programming centred on locally-managed marine areas in 26 sites across eastern Indonesia. Among its innovative conservation work, the foundation has supported villages in the Padaido Islands to use GPS technologies to map local marine r

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