Marine and Coastal Resource Management
    
The total global coastlines exceed 1.6 million kilometers, and coastal ecosystems occur in 123 countries around the world. Marine and coastal ecosystems provide a wide range of services to human society, including food provision, shoreline protection against storms and floods, and water quality maintenance. Coastal and marine ecosystems are amongst the most productive ecosystems in the world; however, many of these ecosystems have become degraded. More than one third of the world’s population lives in coastal areas and small islands and over 1 billion people depend on fish as their principal source of animal protein, food security and livelihoods. Community-based management of marine and coastal resources offers high potential for win-win benefits in poverty reduction and environmental stewardship.
    
Le Village d’Andavadoaka (Village of Andavadoaka)- Madagascar

In response to declining local octopus populations, community leaders in the coastal village of Andavadoaka sought to regulate harvesting practices. With guidance from Blue Ventures, a UK-based NGO, the village authorities created a trial "no-take zone" in 2004 where octopus hunting was banned for a period of seven months. Enforcement was rooted in the tradition of Dina, or local codes of condu

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Agencia para el Desarrollo de la Mosquitia (MOPAWI, Agency for the Development of the Mosquitia)- Honduras

For more than twenty-five years, the Agencia para el Desarrollo de la Mosquitia (MOPAWI, Agency for the Development of the Mosquitia) has worked to engage local and indigenous communities in the integrated management of the Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve and other protected areas in northeastern Honduras. Located within the Mosquitia area, the reserve contains the largest inta

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Akdeniz Koruma Derneği (Mediterranean Conservation Society)- Turkey

Developed in response to marine ecosystem degradation, declining fish diversity and abundance, and associated losses to fishermen’s and fisherwomen’s incomes, Akdeniz Koruma Dernegi, or Mediterranean Conservation Society in English, has created a network of ‘no-take zones’ that put local fishing communities at the lead of ma

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Amal-Krabbei Tabu Eria (AKTE, Amal-Crab Bay Community Resource Management Initiative)- Vanuatu

The successes of the Amal-Crab Bay initiative in conserving marine resources in their tabu area, located on the eastern coastline of the island of Malekula, Vanuatu, has been underpinned by the use of a traditional resource management system and innovative awareness-raising efforts. The bay forms part of the Port Stanley mangrove area, and is home to extensive fringing reefs, sea grass beds, an

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Amsing Association- Morocco

Association Amsing was created by the villagers of Elmoudaa – an Amazirght (Berber) community located in the High Atlas Mountains – to address economic isolation, a lack of social services, and harsh climatic conditions.  The association has successfully regenerated degraded lands surrounding their village through a traditional land management practice called ‘azzayn’ which bans herder

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Arnavon Community Marine Conservation Area Management Committee- Solomon Islands

The Arnavon Community Marine Conservation Area Management Committee was established in 1995 as the first community-managed marine conservation area in the Solomon Islands. The 157-km² area is home to nesting grounds of the endangered Hawksbill sea turtle. This Marine Protected Area, created to stem the overexploitation of dwindling marine resources, attracts ecotourism that provides a valu

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Asociación de Mujeres de Isabela 'Pescado Azul' (Pescado Azul Women’s Association of Isabela) - Ecuador

This women's cooperative is providing livelihood options for the women and men of the island of Isabela in the Galápagos Islands. This small-scale enterprise is simultaneously decreasing pressures on overexploited local fisheries by adding value, rather than scale, to its production of smoked fish. Fishermen in the region have traditionally relied on declining populations of coastal sea

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Asociación de Pobladores por el Progreso y Desarrollo de Campo Amor, Zarumilla (ASPOPRODECAZ, Residents’ Association for the Progress and Development of Campo Amor, Zarumilla)- Peru

Asociación de Pobladores por el Progreso y Desarrollo de Campo Amor, Zarumilla (ASPOPRODECAZ, Residents’ Association for the Progress and Development of Campo Amor, Zarumilla) represents the 11,000 inhabitants of Campo Amor, a coastal town in the buffer zone of the Tumbes National Mangrove Sanctuary. The region is a gateway to this important protected area, and home to many communi

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Asociación para la Investigación y el Desarrollo Integral (AIDER, Association for Research and Integrated Development)- Peru

Asociación para la Investigación y el Desarrollo Integral (AIDER, Association for Research and Integrated Development) is a participatory initiative that provides capacity building and technology transfer to enable community-based conservation of forest resources across Peru. By providing technical assistance to forest-based communities in both the humid tropical forests of centra

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Associação Comunitária Nova Experiência Marítima da Cruzinha da Garça (ACNEMC, Community Marine Association of Cruzinha da Garça)- Cape Verde

Cruzinha da Garça is one of the most important nesting grounds for sea turtles in Cape Verde. Associação Comunitária Nova Experiência Marítima da Cruzinha da Garça (ACNEMC, Community Marine Association of Cruzinha da Garça) seeks to develop alternative forms of local marine resource use to conserve this endangered species. The project is pa

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Association de Gestion Intégrée des Ressources- Morocco

A response to high rates of poverty, poor access to basic social services, and low employment opportunities, this association is working to strengthen the small-scale fisheries sector around Al-Hoceima National Park through capacity building, the establishment of monitoring and surveillance committees to combat illegal fishing and the introduction of sustainable fis

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Association des Pêcheurs de la Communauté Rurale de Mangagoulack (APCRM, Fishers' Association of the Rural Community of Mangagoulack)- Senegal

Association des Pêcheurs de la Communauté Rurale de Mangagoulack (APCRM, Fishers' Association of the Rural Community of Mangagoulack) – established by fishers from eight villages in central Casamance – manages a community conserved area with the aim of improving local incomes, strengthening food security and sovereignty, and protecting biodiversity.  The associatio

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Center for Empowerment and Resource Development - Philippines

The Center for Empowerment and Resource Development works in the Caraga region of the Philippines to conserve marine and coastal resources while improving the sustainability of local fisher livelihoods. The Centre's approach has been to put management of natural resources squarely in the hands of fisherfolk associations, working with local governments to develop barangay resolutions, municipal

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Collectif des Groupements d'Interest Economiques des Femmes pour la Protection de la Nature (COPRONAT, Collective of Women’s Groups for the Protection of Nature)- Senegal

This collective brings together women’s groups from communities bordering the Popenguine Nature Reserve, a 1,000-hectare coastal reserve located in the Thies region of Senegal. Since the creation of the reserve in 1986 to prevent over-harvesting of marine resources and degradation of mangrove forests, the park’s authorities have sought to involve local communities in its management.

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Comité de Emergencia Garífuna (CEGAH, Garífuna Emergency Committee)- Honduras

This women-led initiative arose in 1998 in response to the devastating effects of Hurricane Mitch on sixteen agrarian Garifuna communities. These peoples of Afro-indigenous descent have traditionally been socioeconomically marginalized in Honduras, and their agricultural livelihoods were hard hit by the loss of 70% of the country's crops due to heavy flooding.

Beyond initial disaster re

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Comité para la Defensa y Desarrollo de la Flora y Fauna del Golfo de Fonseca (CODDEFFAGOLF)- Honduras

In a coastal region of Honduras that has some of the highest rates of poverty in Latin America and that is facing severe environmental threats from the shrimp farming, sugar cane, and commercial fishing industries, Comité para la Defensa y Desarrollo de la Flora y Fauna del Golfo de Fonseca (CODDEFFAGOLF) has been a force for positive change over the last 20 years. With a focus on protec

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Community Tours Sian Ka’an (CTSK)- Mexico

The Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve is the largest marine protected area in Mexico, spanning more than 1.3 million acres of land and ocean. It has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in recognition of its rich biodiversity and wealth of Mayan culture; "Sian Ka'an" is Mayan for "where the sky is born".

Working within this protected area is Community Tours Sian Ka'an (CTSK), an alli

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Comunidad Indígena de Manquemapu- Chile

An indigenous community conserved area, Comunidad Indígena de Manquemapu (Indigenous Community of Manquemapu) works to promote sustainable forest management and marine resource conservation as a way of meeting the economic needs of resident indigenous communities. Born in response to external threats from extractive industries, this community-based group manages a large area of alerche f

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Conservation Society of Pohnpei (CSP)- Micronesia, Federated States

Since 1998, the Conservation Society of Pohnpei (CSP) has worked to improve the ecological and social sustainability of a network of seven marine protected areas around the island of Pohnpei in the Federated States of Micronesia. Through environmental education and biological monitoring programmes, the initiative has coordinated marine conservation efforts across Pohnpei, while encouraging a di

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Coope Tárcoles- Costa Rica

The artisanal fishers of the community of Tárcoles, located in the Gulf of Nicoya on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, faced declining fish stocks due to a combination of overharvesting by commercial shrimp boats and unsustainable local fishing practices. At the same time, development of the tourism sector along the coast threatened to restrict access to the shore and to marginalize their

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Cooperativa dos Produtos de Ostras de Cananéia (Cooperostra, Oyster Producers’ Cooperative of Cananéia)- Brazil

Cooperativa dos Produtos de Ostras de Cananéia (Cooperostra, Oyster Producers’ Cooperative of Cananéia) is a community-based organization centered on the Mandira Extractive Reserve in São Paulo's Cananéia estuary lagoon. Launched in the mid-1990s following state-led interventions aiming at improving the sustainability, viability, and hygienic quality of artisan

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Dewan Penasihat Pengelolaan Taman Nasional Bunaken (BNPMAB, Bunaken National Park Management Advisory Board)- Indonesia

Dewan Penasihat Pengelolaan Taman Nasional Bunaken (BNPMAB, Bunaken National Park Management Advisory Board) is a landmark case for local co-management of a marine protected area in Indonesia. The initiative brings together government agencies, international partners, and local communities in the collaborative management of the Bunaken National Park in North Sulawesi. The park comprises more th

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Fédération Locale des GIE de Niodior (FELOGIE-Niodior, Local Federation of Economic Interest Groups of Niodior)- Senegal

Since 2005, this federation of women's economic interest groups, centered on the island of Niodior, has worked to rehabilitate mangrove ecosystems and promote natural resource management in the Saloum Delta Biosphere Reserve. The group was founded in response to multiple pressures on the reserve's mangrove and marine resources, and a 22-woman monitoring committee was established to regulate the

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Fédération Régionale des Groupements de Promotion Féminine de la région de Ziguinchor (FRGPF-Z, Regional Federation of Women’s Advancement Groups, Ziguinchor)- Senegal

The Fédération Régionale des Groupements de Promotion Féminine de la Région de Ziguinchor (FRGPF-Z) has worked since the late 1980s in southwestern Ziguinchor, in a region known as Lower Casamance. The region's wealth of vegetation makes it an important forest reserve in Senegal, including the country's largest population of mangroves.

Twin threats of

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Fundación San Crisanto (San Crisanto Foundation)- Mexico

Fundación San Crisanto (San Crisanto Foundation) focuses on mangrove restoration and flood prevention in a region that consistently faces heavy rainfall and flooding. Since the Foundation's establishment, over 11,300 metres of canals have been restored, and 45 cenotes have been delisted and rehabilitated. As a result, flood risk is reduced and populations and diversity of endemic wildlif

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Iniciativa Talamanca (Talamanca Initiative)- Costa Rica

Since the late-1970s, local NGO Asociación ANAI has promoted sustainable farming practices in rural communities living within the Talamanca region of Costa Rica. Home to one-third of the country's indigenous people, the canton ranks lowest in many key socioeconomic indicators, including human development, yet is home to some of the country's richest biodiversity. This natural heritage wa

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Junta de Manejo Participativo Pesquero de Puerto Cayo (Participatory Fisheries Management Board of Puerto Cayo)- Ecuador

The small fishing community of Puerto Cayo, located in the south-west of Manabi Province on Ecuador's Pacific coast is the setting for an experiment in sustainable fishing methods that has endured since the 1970s. In partnership with government agencies, the Participatory Fisheries Management Board of Puerto Cayo has formalized attempts to better conserve coastal biodiversity and improve fishin

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Kelompok Peduli Lingkungan Belitung- Indonesia

On an archipelago off the east coast of Sumatra that has been devastated by tin mining and unmitigated industrial development, Kelompok Peduli Lingkungan Belitung is working to rehabilitate, protect, and sustainably manage coastal resources. Community management of coral reefs, mangroves, fishing zones, and tropical forests has led to improved livelihoods and the restoration of a unique marine

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Komunitas Nelayan Tomia (KOMUNTO, Fishing Community of Tomia)- Indonesia

The Komunitas Nelayan Tomia (KOMUNTO, Fishing Community of Tomia) is a community-based organization composed of representatives of fishers' groups from East Tomia, Indonesia. The organization was established in response to shared community concerns regarding foreign commercial fishing, the use of destructive fishing methods, and a vacuum in local government leadership on the sustainable managem

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Kwetu Training Centre for Sustainable Development- Kenya

Kwetu Training Centre is based in Kenya's coastal district of Kilifi, where it uses a model demonstration site and extensive youth group engagement to promote sustainable environmental management of the coast's mangrove forests. This has incorporated voluntary reforestation efforts and the development of silviculture activities based around the mangrove ecosystems, such as crab farming, bee kee

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Matabose E Qarava Na Veika Vakai- Qoliqoli E Viti (Fiji Locally-Managed Marine Area Network)- Fiji

The community of Ucunivanua on the eastern coast of Fiji's largest island was the site of the first locally managed marine area (LMMA) in Fiji in 1997. Scientists from the University of the South Pacific supported environmentalists and local villagers in declaring a ban on harvesting within a stretch of inshore waters for three years, building on the tradition of taboo prohibitions for certain

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Mradi wa Usimamizi wa Mazingira Rufiji (Rufiji Environment Management Project)- Tanzania, United Republic

Between 1998 and 2003, this IUCN-led intervention in the Rufiji Delta area of Tanzania worked through the Rufiji District Council to develop village environment management plans in consultation with local communities. The project oversaw the effective transfer of resource management authority from the central government to four pilot villages comprising communities in the floodplain and delta a

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Muskitia Asla Takanka (MASTA)- Honduras

An indigenous federation that represents the Miskitus of the Honduran Mosquitia, MASTA works to protect indigenous territorial rights and culture, strengthen local governance and natural resource management, and improve regional health and education systems.  The group protects a large part of the remaining intact rainforest in Honduras, approximately 1.2 million hectares or 7 percent of t

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Namdrik Atoll Local Resources Committee- Marshall Islands

The Marshall Islands is one of the most vulnerable nations in the world to the impacts of climate change and has economies that are dependent on declining fisheries. Comité des ressources locales de l’atoll de Namdrik is promoting a model of community self-sufficiency, local food security and adaptation.  Traditional crops such as breadfruit, taro and native pandanus have been

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Nguna-Pele Marine and Land Protected Area Network- Vanuatu

This network of marine and terrestrial protected areas spanning the Vanuatu islands of Nguna and Pele has brought together local, national and international actors in a diverse partnership for the conservation of the area's unique biodiversity. The network comprises sixteen indigenous communities engaged in the conservation of more than 3,000 hectares of marine and terrestrial resources.

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Parc Marin de Mohéli (Mohéli Marine Park)- Comoros

Between 1998 and 2005, the Comoros island of Mohéli was the setting for an initiative that brought together international organizations and local communities in creating a co-managed marine protected area. The idea was to conserve 404 square kilometres of ocean, home to key marine species such as the coelacanth, humpback whales, dugong, and dolphins, while benefiting local livelihoods th

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Plate-forme de Concertation pour le Développement Durable de la Baie d’Antongil- Madagascar

Working in and around Antongil Bay – the largest bay in Madagascar and among the most productive in the Indian Ocean – Plateforme de Concertation pour le Développement Durable de la Baie d’Antongil (PCDDBA, Collaborative Platform for Sustainable Development of the Antongil Bay) brings together a diverse range of stakeholders to encourage the sustainable management of ma

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Pred Nai Mangrove Conservation and Development Group - Thailand

This community-based organization was founded in the mid-1980s to reverse the effects of destructive mangrove harvesting near the coastal village of Pred Nai. A parallel goal was the recovery of local crab populations, which are an important source of income for poorer members of the community. After developing a strong track-record of successful forest management and ecosystem restoration, the

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Red Indígena de Turismo de México (Indigenous Tourism Network of Mexico)- Mexico

The Red Indígena de Turismo de México (Indigenous Tourism Network of Mexico) promotes a self-reliance approach to indigenous community development, emphasising sustainable livelihoods in communities working for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. The organization, primarily focused on ecotourism and microenterprises, mobilises indigenous communities through

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Roush Marine Protected Area Community, Socotra- Yemen

Roush Marine Protected Area Community, Socotra, is located one kilometer north of Socotra, an island off the coast of Yemen. The marine protected area belongs to the communities of Sacra and Diherhom villages, and was developed in response to an observed decline in marine resources and fish populations. A conservation area and eco-campsite were established, and the initiative was later broadene

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Samudram Women’s Federation- India

Samudram is a federation of 160 women's self-help groups across 50 villages in Ganjam and the nearby districts of Orissa, India. The Federation works at the intersection of biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction, empowering its more than 1,500 economically-marginalized members with income generation activities, while conserving Olive Ridley Turtle nesting sites.

Samudram undert

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Shashwat - India

Shashwat is a grassroots initiative that was developed in response to the displacement of Koli Mahadeo, Thakars, and Katkaris tribal peoples by construction of the Dimbhe dam, which submerged eleven villages and destroyed cropland in another thirteen.  The organization helps local communities to develop small-scale fishing activities in the dam reservoir, and improve agricultural productio

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Sociedades Cooperativas de Producción Pesquera de Cozumel y Vigía Chico (Fish Production Cooperative Societies of Cozumel and Vigia Chico)- Mexico

The Sociedades Cooperativas de Producción Pesquera de Cozumel y Vigía Chico (Fish Production Cooperative Societies of Cozumel and Vigia Chico), are two cooperatives working in the Mexican State of Qintana Roo to advance a model of sustainable fishing for local communities. Located on the tropical island of Cozumel, an international tourist destination, and in the Sian Ka'an Biosph

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Tetepare Descendants’ Association (TDA)- Solomon Islands

Tetepare Descendants’ Association (TDA) officially represents the legal owners of Tetepare Island, the largest uninhabited island in the tropical Pacific and one of the last remaining unlogged tropical islands in world.  To resist pressures from industrial logging companies, the association has created ‘community conservation agreements’ whereby indigenous landholders are

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Toledo Institute for Development and Environment (TIDE)- Belize

Toledo Institute for Development and Environment (TIDE) partners with local communities to promote sustainable income generation and co-management of both forest and marine resources in the Maya Mountain Marine Corridor, a conservation area covering approximately 739,650 acres of land and the equivalent of 100,000 acres of sea.

From its volunteer-led beginning, TIDE has grown to include

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Trowel Development Foundation- Philippines

Trowel Development Foundation is a community-based organization employing climate-adapted aquaculture technology to replant mangroves. Mangrove reforestation efforts have focused on planting native tree species in strategic areas, resulting in restored marine biodiversity, food security, and protection of coastal areas.

The initiative also works to increase local incomes and improve liv

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TRY Oyster Women's Association- Gambia

TRY Oyster Women's Association brings together 500 female oyster harvesters from across 15 villages in the Greater Banjul area.  Harvesters are clustered into cooperatives where they exchange sustainable oyster harvesting techniques and receive training in small-scale enterprise development.  Cooperatives have ensured access to appropriate equipment and technologies, set higher standa

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Yayasan Kerang Lestari Teluk Pemuteran (Pemuteran Bay Coral Protection Foundation)- Indonesia

Yayasan Kerang Lestari Teluk Pemuteran (Pemuteran Bay Coral Protection Foundation) was started in response to the collapse of the local fishing industry near the Pemuteran community in Bali, due in large measure to coral reef loss from sedimentation, rising water temperatures, and unsustainable fishing methods such as reef bombing.  The organization oversees more than 70 artificial ‘

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Yayasan Pengelolaan Lokal Kawasan Laut (Community-based Marine Management Foundation)- Indonesia

The Yayasan Pengelolaan Lokal Kawasan Laut (Community-based Marine Management Foundation) coordinates conservation, environmental education and livelihoods programming centred on locally-managed marine areas in 26 sites across eastern Indonesia. Among its innovative conservation work, the foundation has supported villages in the Padaido Islands to use GPS technologies to map local marine r

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