Biodiversity Conservation
    
All life, including human life and wellbeing, depends upon biodiversity and ecosystems, and the goods and services they provide. The loss of ecosystems and the biodiversity underpinning them is a challenge for us all, but it is a particular challenge for the world’s poor. For many of the 1.2 billion people living in severe poverty, nature is a daily lifeline providing food, clean water, fuel, medicine, shelter, and reduced vulnerability to climate change and natural disasters. Dependent on ecosystem goods and services for their livelihoods and subsistence, the poor stand to suffer disproportionately from potentially catastrophic changes to fragile ecosystems in coming decades. Communities on the frontlines of biodiversity loss and ecosystems decline are advancing innovative solutions to these challenges.
    
Asociación de Mujeres Ixpiyakok (ADEMI, Ixpiyakok Women's Association)- Guatemala

The Asociación de Mujeres Ixpiyakok (ADEMI, Ixpiyakok Women's Association) brings together 30 groups of Maya women in Chimaltenango to improve local food security and nutrition through organic family farms and seed banks. Originally launched as a credit and savings program for local women, the association has expanded into health and education service provision, as well as advocacy for w

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FrutaSã Indústria, Comércio e Exportação Ltda (FrutaSã Industry, Trade and Export Ltd.)- Brazil

FrutaSã has its roots in a scoping study of the Brazilian Cerrado eco-region conducted in the 1990s to determine socioeconomic challenges facing smallholder farmers and indigenous communities. Alongside mounting environmental threats to the region, exacerbated by the economic marginalization of the rural communities and subsequent over-exploitation of local resources, these findings insp

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Groupe d’Initiative Commune des éleveurs de la Communauté Itoh (Itoh Community Graziers Common Initiative Group)- Cameroon

Through participatory planning and mapping exercises, the agro-pastoralist Itoh community conserves land around the Kilum mountain forest for grazing and agriculture. This forest fragment had previously been under threat from encroachment for timber harvesting and clearing for agriculture; it is the largest remnant of montane forest in the Bamenda Highlands of Cameroon's Northwest Province. The

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Kalinga Mission for Indigenous Children and Youth Development, Inc. (KAMICYDI) - Philippines

Kalinga Mission for Indigenous Children and Youth Development, Inc. (KAMICYDI) works to improve food security for the indigenous Kalinga people of the Philippines Cordillera, while ensuring the ecological integrity of the area's mountain forests. The association draws from traditional farming practices and customary forest management systems.

These traditional approaches have been augme

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Le Village d’Andavadoaka (Village of Andavadoaka)- Madagascar

In response to declining local octopus populations, community leaders in the coastal village of Andavadoaka sought to regulate harvesting practices. With guidance from Blue Ventures, a UK-based NGO, the village authorities created a trial "no-take zone" in 2004 where octopus hunting was banned for a period of seven months. Enforcement was rooted in the tradition of Dina, or local codes of condu

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Agencia para el Desarrollo de la Mosquitia (MOPAWI, Agency for the Development of the Mosquitia)- Honduras

For more than twenty-five years, the Agencia para el Desarrollo de la Mosquitia (MOPAWI, Agency for the Development of the Mosquitia) has worked to engage local and indigenous communities in the integrated management of the Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve and other protected areas in northeastern Honduras. Located within the Mosquitia area, the reserve contains the largest inta

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Aharam Traditional Crops Producers’ Company- India

Aharam Traditional Crops Producers' Company works with socially marginalized rural producers to conserve biodiversity in the semi-arid Ramnad Plains of Tamil Nadu state. The initiative uses a producer group model focused on women and landless labourers to promote organic farming practices that improve crop diversity and agro-biodiversity. The group's work has aimed at reducing dependence on cot

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Akdeniz Koruma Derneği (Mediterranean Conservation Society)- Turkey

Developed in response to marine ecosystem degradation, declining fish diversity and abundance, and associated losses to fishermen’s and fisherwomen’s incomes, Akdeniz Koruma Dernegi, or Mediterranean Conservation Society in English, has created a network of ‘no-take zones’ that put local fishing communities at the lead of ma

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Al-Heswa Wetland Protected Area- Yemen

The communities behind Al-Heswa Wetland Protected Area have successfully transformed a garbage dump into a functioning wetland ecosystem that provides a breeding site more than 100 migratory bird species, including flamingos. As a result, the Aden wetlands have grown into among the most important wetland ecosystems in Yemen and in the entire region. The community-managed protected area redirect

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Alimentos Nutri-Naturales (ANSA)- Guatemala

Alimentos Nutri-Naturales Sociedad Anónima (ANSA) is a group of independent businesses, entirely owned and operated by women, which harvest, process, and sell the abundant and rarely utilized Maya nut (Brosimum alicastrum). The nut was once a staple food for the ancient Mayans but is threatened with extinction due to the spread of logging and conversion of land to agriculture. In the buf

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Alliance for Integrated Development- Nepal

Developed as a response to the overexploitation of natural resources, wildlife poaching, and water pollution, the Alliance for Integrated Development Nepal (AID-Nepal) protects and manages the resources of Jagadishpur, an ‘important bird area’, a Ramsar site, and the largest manmade reservoir in Nepal. AID-Nepal works to create sustainable livelihoods wh

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Amal-Krabbei Tabu Eria (AKTE, Amal-Crab Bay Community Resource Management Initiative)- Vanuatu

The successes of the Amal-Crab Bay initiative in conserving marine resources in their tabu area, located on the eastern coastline of the island of Malekula, Vanuatu, has been underpinned by the use of a traditional resource management system and innovative awareness-raising efforts. The bay forms part of the Port Stanley mangrove area, and is home to extensive fringing reefs, sea grass beds, an

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Arnavon Community Marine Conservation Area Management Committee- Solomon Islands

The Arnavon Community Marine Conservation Area Management Committee was established in 1995 as the first community-managed marine conservation area in the Solomon Islands. The 157-km² area is home to nesting grounds of the endangered Hawksbill sea turtle. This Marine Protected Area, created to stem the overexploitation of dwindling marine resources, attracts ecotourism that provides a valu

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Articulação Pacari (Pacari Network)- Brazil

The Articulação Pacari (Pacari Network) brings together 47 traditional pharmacies and community-based organizations to cultivate medicinal plants, preserve traditional ecological knowledge and health traditions, and protect biodiversity in the Cerrado (savannah) biome.  In the absence of any comprehensive legislation that legally recognizes traditional health practic

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Asociación Bio-Itzá (Bio-Itzá Association)- Guatemala

Asociación Bio-Itzá (Bio-Itzá Association) is an indigenous organization of the Mayan Itzá people, located in the Municipality of San José in northern Guatemala, which works to involve local communities and incorporate Mayan cultural traditions in the conservation of regional biodiversity. Legally incorporated in 1991, the association's first major achievement

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Asociación de Apicultores de la Reserva de Tariquía (AART, Tariquía Reserve Beekeepers’ Association)- Bolivia

Asociación de Apicultores de la Reserva de Tariquía (AART, Tariquía Reserve Beekeepers' Association) is an indigenous honey producer association that has been recognized nationally for producing the best organic honey in Bolivia. The group works within the Tariquía Flora and Fauna National Reserve, a protected area cover

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Asociación de Artesanas de Arbolsol y Huaca de Barro (AAAHB, Women Artisans’ Association of Arbolsol and Huaca de Barro)- Peru

Founded by local women in 2003, Asociación de Artesanas de Arbolsol y Huaca de Barro (AAAHB, Women Artisans’ Association of Arbolsol and Huaca de Barro) works to recover traditional methods of cotton production that are environmentally responsible and create positive socioeconomic change in Mórrope District, Lambayeque, northern Peru.

The association oversees the pla

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Asociación de Artesanas Unidas de Los Límites (ASOARTESANAS, United Women Artisans' Association of Los Límites)- Colombia

Asociación de Artesanas Unidas de Los Límites (ASOARTESANAS, United Women Artisans' Association of Los Límites) operates in an area of northern Colombia which contains the last remaining population of cotton-top tamarin monkeys on the planet.  The tamarin species faces threats from deforestation, hunting, as well as human capture for sale in the illegal pet trade.

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Asociación de Capitanes Indígenas de Yaigojé Apaporis- Colombia

An alliance of 21 indigenous communities, Asociación de Capitanes Indígenas de Yaigojé Apaporis has legally established its collective territory as a National Park. The association has succeeded in protecting a substantial area of forest and put natural resource management in the hands of resident indigenous communities. Developed to protect forests and community lands from

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Asociación de Comunidades Forestales de Petén (ACOFOP, Association of Forest Communities of Petén)- Guatemala

Asociación de Comunidades Forestales de Petén (ACOFOP, Association of Forest Communities of Petén) brings together communities in the buffer zone of the Maya Biosphere Reserve to manage forest concessions that collectively represent the world's largest certified forest area under community management.

The initiative has

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Asociación de Mujeres de Isabela 'Pescado Azul' (Pescado Azul Women’s Association of Isabela) - Ecuador

This women's cooperative is providing livelihood options for the women and men of the island of Isabela in the Galápagos Islands. This small-scale enterprise is simultaneously decreasing pressures on overexploited local fisheries by adding value, rather than scale, to its production of smoked fish. Fishermen in the region have traditionally relied on declining populations of coastal sea

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Asociación de Mujeres Waorani del Ecuador- Ecuador

Developed in response to the uncontrolled poaching of wildlife in the Yasuní Biosphere Reserve, Asociación de Mujeres Waorani de la Amazonia Ecuatoriana (AMWAE, or in English, Association of Waorani Women of the Ecuadorian Amazon) is promoting organic cacao cultivation as a wildlife protection measure and a pathway to local sustainable development. The association has created a la

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Asociación de Pobladores por el Progreso y Desarrollo de Campo Amor, Zarumilla (ASPOPRODECAZ, Residents’ Association for the Progress and Development of Campo Amor, Zarumilla)- Peru

Asociación de Pobladores por el Progreso y Desarrollo de Campo Amor, Zarumilla (ASPOPRODECAZ, Residents’ Association for the Progress and Development of Campo Amor, Zarumilla) represents the 11,000 inhabitants of Campo Amor, a coastal town in the buffer zone of the Tumbes National Mangrove Sanctuary. The region is a gateway to this important protected area, and home to many communi

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Asociación de Productores Indígenas y Campesinos (ASPROINCA, Association of Indigenous and Peasant Producers)- Colombia

Based in the northern Caldas region of Colombia, Asociación de Productores Indígenas y Campesinos (ASPROINCA, Association of Indigenous and Peasant Producers) is a community-based organization that works with close to 350 indigenous farming families to diversify their agricultural production in an environmentally responsible manner.

A key objective of the association is en

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Asociación de Trabajadores Autónomos San Rafael, Tres Cruces y Yurac Rumi (ASARATY, Autonomous Workers’ Association of San Rafael, Tres Cruces, and Yurac Rumi)- Ecuador

Asociación de Trabajadores Autónomos San Rafael, Tres Cruces y Yurac Rumi (ASARATY, Autonomous Workers’ Association of San Rafael, Tres Cruces, and Yurac Rumi) brings together indigenous Quichua-Puruháe (Kichwa) communities in the central Ecuadorian Andes in the sustainable management of 8,000 hectares of montane grassland adj

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Asociación para la Investigación y el Desarrollo Integral (AIDER, Association for Research and Integrated Development)- Peru

Asociación para la Investigación y el Desarrollo Integral (AIDER, Association for Research and Integrated Development) is a participatory initiative that provides capacity building and technology transfer to enable community-based conservation of forest resources across Peru. By providing technical assistance to forest-based communities in both the humid tropical forests of centra

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Associação Comunitária Nova Experiência Marítima da Cruzinha da Garça (ACNEMC, Community Marine Association of Cruzinha da Garça)- Cape Verde

Cruzinha da Garça is one of the most important nesting grounds for sea turtles in Cape Verde. Associação Comunitária Nova Experiência Marítima da Cruzinha da Garça (ACNEMC, Community Marine Association of Cruzinha da Garça) seeks to develop alternative forms of local marine resource use to conserve this endangered species. The project is pa

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Associação dos Pequenos Agrossilvicultores do Projeto RECA (Association of Smallholder Agroforestry Producers RECA Project)- Brazil

This agroforestry project facilitates a variety of initiatives focused on supporting both family and commercial level agricultural production. Associação dos Pequenos Agrossilvicultores (Association of Smallholder Agroforestry Producers) brings together migrant farmers and indigenous rubber tappers in the Abuna region of northern Brazil. Since 1989, these two groups have worked to

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Associação Sociocultural Yawanawá (ASCYAWANAWA, Sociocultural Association of Yawanawá)- Brazil

Associação Sociocultural Yawanawá (ASCYAWANAWA, Sociocultural Association of Yawanawá) is a representative body of the Yawanawá indigenous people of Acre state, northern Brazil. The group works to create income generating opportunities for its members through the conservation of the community's indigenous territory and the promotion of Yawanawá culture.

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Associação Vida Verde da Amazônia (AVIVE, Green Life Association of Amazonia)- Brazil

Since 1999, Associação Vida Verde da Amazônia (AVIVE, Green Life Association of Amazonia) has worked on the island of Silves, deep in the heart of the Amazon rainforest, to build a trade in aromatic soaps, candles, cosmetics, and perfumes containing the oils of medicinal plants such as rosewood and andiroba. By adding value to the raw materials obtained from native forest sp

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Association Adidy Maitso (Adidy Maitso Association)- Madagascar

L’Association Adidy Maitso (Adidy Maitso Association) was established in 2005 with the aim of conserving the natural resources of Didy Forest – a dense moist forest of medium altitude in the Alaotra Mangoro region of eastern Madagascar. The forest lies within the Ankeniheny-Zahamena Corridor, which is renowned for its high species endemism and unique biodiversity. The Association wo

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Association Anja Miray (Anja Miray Association)- Madagascar

Anja Miray was established in 1999 in response to the degradation and clearing of local forests, the sedimentation of water resources, and the loss of wildlife such as ring-tailed lemurs, chameleons, and tropical birds.  The association operates a 30-hectare community forest reserve in the Haute Matsiatra region of the country. 

The community has established an ecotourism init

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Association de Gestion Intégrée des Ressources- Morocco

A response to high rates of poverty, poor access to basic social services, and low employment opportunities, this association is working to strengthen the small-scale fisheries sector around Al-Hoceima National Park through capacity building, the establishment of monitoring and surveillance committees to combat illegal fishing and the introduction of sustainable fis

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Association des Pêcheurs de la Communauté Rurale de Mangagoulack (APCRM, Fishers' Association of the Rural Community of Mangagoulack)- Senegal

Association des Pêcheurs de la Communauté Rurale de Mangagoulack (APCRM, Fishers' Association of the Rural Community of Mangagoulack) – established by fishers from eight villages in central Casamance – manages a community conserved area with the aim of improving local incomes, strengthening food security and sovereignty, and protecting biodiversity.  The associatio

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Association Songtaab-Yalgré (ASY, Songtaab-Yalgré Association)- Burkina Faso

Having begun in a few villages in the mid-1990s, Songtaab-Yalgré now brings together more than 3,000 women across ten provinces of Burkina Faso in the harvesting and processing of shea nuts from the tree species Butyrospermum parkii. With the initial aim of improving women's literacy and advocating for improved working conditions, the initiative identified the production of shea nut butt

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Atụmatụ Ekuri (Ekuri Initiative)- Nigeria

Located in Nigeria's Cross River State, the Ekuri community manages a 33,600-hectare community forest adjacent to the Cross-River National Park. Community forest management began in the 1980s, when the villages of Old Ekuri and New Ekuri united in response to the proposed logging of their forest. The project would have included the construction of a road linking the villages to local market cen

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Bolsa Amazônia- Brazil

Founded in 1998 by Brazilian NGOs, the Federal University of Pará, and international donors, and in partnership with private sector companies, Bolsa Amazônia is a regional initiative dedicated to developing sustainable enterprises in rural forest communities of Amazonia. With a focus on sustainable agriculture and agro-industrialization, Bolsa Amazônia assesses market demand for locally-prod

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Café la Selva- Mexico

Café la Selva is a chain of cafés that sell organically and sustainably grown coffee from indigenous Tojolabal and Tzeltales farming communities located in the state of Chiapas, Mexico. This pioneering initiative has taken advantage of growing international demand for sustainable, ethically-sourced coffee, and now has cafés in Europe and the United States. Profits from the enterprise have al

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Camalandaan Agroforestry Farmers’ Association (CAFA)- Philippines

The Camalandaan Agroforestry Farmers' Association works to conserve fragments of lowland limestone forest on the Philippines island of Negros through on-farm tree conservation in the Southern Cauayan Municipal Forest and Watershed Reserve. The association is made up of local farmers who have been allocated rights to plots of land by the government as part of a community-based forest management

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Capitania del Alto y Bajo Izozog (CABI, Captaincy of the Upper and Lower Izozog)- Bolivia

Capitania del Alto y Bajo Izozog (CABI, Captaincy of the Upper and Lower Izozog) represents more than 10,000 members of Bolivia's Izoceño-Guaraní people in a landmark co-management agreement in the country's Gran Chaco region. With technical support from the Wildlife Conservation Society, CABI negotiated with the Bolivian government for establishment of the 3.4 million-hectare Kaa

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Carnaúba Viva- Brazil

Working in the caatinga ecosystem of northeastern Brazil, Carnaúba Viva has introduced innovative means of sustainably managing the carnauba tree (Copernicia prunifera), a locally-abundant palm species whose leaves can be used for wax production. Working with the indigenous people of the Jaguaribe-Açu territory and in partnership with the Brazilian Ministry of Environment, the initiative has

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Cellule d'Appui à la Conservation et aux Initiatives de Developpement Durable (CACID, Support Group for Conservation and Sustainable Development Initiatives)- Cameroon

Cellule d'Appui à la Conservation et aux Initiatives de Developpement Durable (CACID, Support Group for Conservation and Sustainable Development Initiatives) was the local implementing partner to the Waza Logone floodplain rehabilitation project, an IUCN-led intervention in northern Cameroon from 1987-2000. The project piloted a succession of floodwater releases to rehabilitate an area b

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Center for Empowerment and Resource Development - Philippines

The Center for Empowerment and Resource Development works in the Caraga region of the Philippines to conserve marine and coastal resources while improving the sustainability of local fisher livelihoods. The Centre's approach has been to put management of natural resources squarely in the hands of fisherfolk associations, working with local governments to develop barangay resolutions, municipal

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Centre de Ressources en Agroforesterie de Riba (Riba Agroforestry Resource Centre)- Cameroon

Centre de Ressources en Agroforesterie de Riba (Riba Agroforestry Resource Centre) is a community-based organization working in mountainous northwest Cameroon, close to Kilum-Ijim Mountain Forest. The Centre promotes sustainable tree-based farming to rehabilitate watersheds and degraded land and generate income for the local community. A rural resource centre provides training in agroforestry a

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Centre d’Appui au Developpement Integral Mbankana (CADIM, Mbankana Centre for Integrated Development)- Congo, Democratic Republic

To combat high rural unemployment and the outflow of farmers to urban centres, Centre d’Appui au Developpement Integral Mbankana (CADIM, Mbankana Centre for Integrated Development) trains farmers in agroforestry and afforestation techniques that restore soil fertility and boost agricultural production. The group’s afforestation efforts have reduced exploitative pressure on the

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Centre for Biodiversity Protection and Sustainable Use of Natural Resources (Poloprobio)- Brazil

This research institute, based in the Brazilian state of Acre, devised a method for the artisanal processing of raw latex obtained from Hevea brasiliensis rubber trees, suitable for small-scale production in forest-based communities of indigenous rubber tappers in the Brazilian Amazon. Replicating the technology is a highly individualized process, taking into account the social and cultural set

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Chalalán Albergue Ecológico (Chalalán Eco-lodge)- Bolivia

Chalalán Albergue Ecológico (Chalalán Eco-lodge) serves as a model for community-based ecotourism in Bolivia, as an example of the effectiveness of this low-impact commercial activity in bringing benefits to local communities and in conserving vital biological diversity. Supported by the Inter-American Development Bank and Conservation International, who founded the initiat

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Chama Cha Maendeleo Ya Vijiji Na Mazingira Cha Kibale (KAFRED, Kibale Association for Rural and Environmental Development)- Uganda

The village community of Bigodi, near Fort Portal, western Uganda, straddles an eight kilometre stretch of papyrus wetland that is home to an abundance of wildlife. Eight primate species and more than 200 bird species draw tourists from neighbouring Kibale Forest National Park, for which the Bigodi swamp forms an important wildlife corridor. Through the work of Chama Cha Maendeleo Ya Vijiji Na

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Chibememe Earth Healing Association (CHIEHA)- Zimbabwe

Chibememe Earth Healing Association (CHIEHA) is a community-based initiative centered on the small village of Chibememe, in Masvingo province, Zimbabwe. Arising in response to habitat destruction and deforestation in the Zivambava Island forest and the Chibememe mainland forest, the organization’s work has been driven by the 17 households that make up Chibememe community. Its work has spr

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Chunoti Co-Management Committee - Bangladesh

The Chunoti Co-Management Committee (CMC) protects the once-degraded Chunoti Wildlife Sanctuary through the coordination of volunteer patrols and reinvestment of ecotourism revenues into conservation activities.  Illegal logging and unsustainable resource extraction were threatening the Chunoti forest.  The community mobilized and advocated for a protected area co-management arrangeme

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Collectif des Groupements d'Interest Economiques des Femmes pour la Protection de la Nature (COPRONAT, Collective of Women’s Groups for the Protection of Nature)- Senegal

This collective brings together women’s groups from communities bordering the Popenguine Nature Reserve, a 1,000-hectare coastal reserve located in the Thies region of Senegal. Since the creation of the reserve in 1986 to prevent over-harvesting of marine resources and degradation of mangrove forests, the park’s authorities have sought to involve local communities in its management.

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Comité de Emergencia Garífuna (CEGAH, Garífuna Emergency Committee)- Honduras

This women-led initiative arose in 1998 in response to the devastating effects of Hurricane Mitch on sixteen agrarian Garifuna communities. These peoples of Afro-indigenous descent have traditionally been socioeconomically marginalized in Honduras, and their agricultural livelihoods were hard hit by the loss of 70% of the country's crops due to heavy flooding.

Beyond initial disaster re

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Comité para la Defensa y Desarrollo de la Flora y Fauna del Golfo de Fonseca (CODDEFFAGOLF)- Honduras

In a coastal region of Honduras that has some of the highest rates of poverty in Latin America and that is facing severe environmental threats from the shrimp farming, sugar cane, and commercial fishing industries, Comité para la Defensa y Desarrollo de la Flora y Fauna del Golfo de Fonseca (CODDEFFAGOLF) has been a force for positive change over the last 20 years. With a focus on protec

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Comité Villageois de Développement d’Ando Kpomey (Village Development Committee of Ando Kpomey)- Togo

After a devastating bush fire in 1973, the village of Ando Kpomey created a green belt buffer around its community that has grown into a 100-hectare forest.  A participatory management committee has been established to monitor the forest and its resources and to regulate its use.  The community authorizes limited resource extraction to meet livelihood needs – both timber and non

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Community Development Centre (CDC)- Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka's Community Development Centre (CDC) has worked to improve rural livelihoods through conservation of indigenous tuber varieties using seed banks managed by women-led self-help groups. Local technologies are used for seed production, with training on in-situ conservation of native varieties on individual land parcels. These self-help cooperatives are organized into federations of aroun

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Community Markets for Conservation (COMACO)- Zambia

The Luangwa Valley region of Zambia is the setting for a pioneering initiative that is transforming the local economy and reducing human pressures on the valley's wildlife. Led by the Wildlife Conservation Society, COMACO has brought about substantial livelihoods and conservation benefits through a producer group model of collective learning, reaching more than 40,000 farming households with tr

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Community Tours Sian Ka’an (CTSK)- Mexico

The Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve is the largest marine protected area in Mexico, spanning more than 1.3 million acres of land and ocean. It has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in recognition of its rich biodiversity and wealth of Mayan culture; "Sian Ka'an" is Mayan for "where the sky is born".

Working within this protected area is Community Tours Sian Ka'an (CTSK), an alli

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Community-Based Integrated Rural Development (CBIRD) Centre, Sub Tai- Thailand

The CBIRD Centre in the village of Sub Tai, in the Pak Chong District of north-eastern Thailand, is one of many such centres across the country, launched by Thailand's Population and Community Development Association in the mid-1980s. These Community-Based Integrated Rural Development Centres confront the twin challenges of low economic development and biodiversity loss through the participatio

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Comunidad Indígena de Nuevo San Juan Parangaricutiro (Indigenous Community of Nuevo San Juan Parangaricutiro)- Mexico

The town of Nuevo San Juan Parangaricutiro is located in the western part of the Mexican state of Michoacán; its name refers to the destruction of the original San Juan Parangaricutiro during the eruption of the Parícutin volcano in 1943. Since 1982, local indigenous Purépecha community members have been engaged in sustainable timber and non-timber forest extraction and pro

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Comunidad Nativa Ese’eja de Infierno (Ese'eja Native Community of Infierno)- Peru

La Comunidad Nativa Ese’eja de Infierno (Ese'eja Native Community of Infierno) was the first community to take advantage of Peru's law of native communities within the state of Madre de Dios, receiving legal title to 9,558 hectares of land on both sides of the Tambopata River in the late 1970s. As a condition of defending their lands in the 1980s, the community was obliged to set aside ro

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Consejo Indígena del Pueblo Tacana- Bolivia

In the heart of one of the most biodiverse areas of Bolivia, Consejo Indígena del Pueblo Tacana has secured collective land title to more than 389,300 hectares of forest for the Tacana people. After successfully presenting their land claim to the government of Bolivia, the group built consensus on land use and natural resource management amongst the 20 commun

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Consejo Regional Tsimané Mosetene (CRTM, Tsimané Mosetene Regional Council of Pilón Lajas)- Bolivia

Consejo Regional Tsimané Mosetene (CRTM, Tsimané Mosetene Regional Council of Pilón Lajas) works in Bolivia's Biosphere Reserve to conserve biodiversity and to protect the rights of the indigenous peoples within the Reserve. The Regional Council jointly manages the Reserve with Bolivia's National Service of Protected Areas.

In addition to safeguarding wildlife in th

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Conservation Society of Pohnpei (CSP)- Micronesia, Federated States

Since 1998, the Conservation Society of Pohnpei (CSP) has worked to improve the ecological and social sustainability of a network of seven marine protected areas around the island of Pohnpei in the Federated States of Micronesia. Through environmental education and biological monitoring programmes, the initiative has coordinated marine conservation efforts across Pohnpei, while encouraging a di

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Consevesen Melenesia (Conservation Melanesia)- Papua New Guinea

Since 1995, the biologically diverse Collingwood Bay area on the coast of Oro Province, north-eastern Papua New Guinea, has been the setting for a conflict between the province's 3,000 indigenous Maisin people and proposed commercial logging and palm oil development within the community's 262,000 hectares of ancestral lands. In 1998, 38,000 hectares of tropical forest were fraudulently signed o

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Consorcio Interinstitucional para una Agricultura Sostenible En Ladera (CIPASLA, Inter-institutional Consortium for Sustainable Agriculture)- Colombia

The Department of Cauca in southern Colombia has suffered from years of armed guerilla conflict, which has left a struggling local economy and high levels of poverty in its wake. The Consorcio Interinstitucional para una Agricultura Sostenible En Ladera (CIPASLA, Inter-institutional Consortium for Sustainable Agriculture) has worked since 1993 to make local agriculture more profitable and

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Coope Tárcoles- Costa Rica

The artisanal fishers of the community of Tárcoles, located in the Gulf of Nicoya on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, faced declining fish stocks due to a combination of overharvesting by commercial shrimp boats and unsustainable local fishing practices. At the same time, development of the tourism sector along the coast threatened to restrict access to the shore and to marginalize their

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Cooperativa dos Produtos de Ostras de Cananéia (Cooperostra, Oyster Producers’ Cooperative of Cananéia)- Brazil

Cooperativa dos Produtos de Ostras de Cananéia (Cooperostra, Oyster Producers’ Cooperative of Cananéia) is a community-based organization centered on the Mandira Extractive Reserve in São Paulo's Cananéia estuary lagoon. Launched in the mid-1990s following state-led interventions aiming at improving the sustainability, viability, and hygienic quality of artisan

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Corporación Serraniagua (Serraniagua Corporation)- Colombia

Corporación Serraniagua (Serraniagua Corporation) works to ensure the connectivity of protected areas throughout Colombia's Cordillera Occidental mountain range, a key component of the Chocó-Manabí Conservation Corridor. The group connects the conservation corridors of the Tatamá National Park and Serrania de los Paraguas (renowned for their high biodiversity and spe

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Couro Vegetal da Amazônia- Brazil

Couro Vegetal da Amazônia began operating in the Brazilian state of Acre in 1996, in an attempt to improve the livelihood opportunities and wellbeing of Amazonian rubber-tapping communities. This project brought together more than 200 local and indigenous families in three forest communities, providing training in an innovative processing method to produce sheets of vulcanized rubber. Thi

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Dewan Penasihat Pengelolaan Taman Nasional Bunaken (BNPMAB, Bunaken National Park Management Advisory Board)- Indonesia

Dewan Penasihat Pengelolaan Taman Nasional Bunaken (BNPMAB, Bunaken National Park Management Advisory Board) is a landmark case for local co-management of a marine protected area in Indonesia. The initiative brings together government agencies, international partners, and local communities in the collaborative management of the Bunaken National Park in North Sulawesi. The park comprises more th

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Dự án bảo tồn đồng cỏ bàng Phú Mỹ (Phu My Lepironia Wetland Conservation Project)- Viet Nam

Located in the southwest corner of the Mekong Delta, the Ha Tien Plain is a shallow basin where floodwaters pool to create vast grasslands. In response to several failed attempts to convert the plain for Eucalyptus forestry, rice cultivation, and shrimp aquaculture, a partnership between conservationists and a local village community has demonstrated that its resources can be sustainably manage

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École Instrument de Paix (EIP-Niger, Instrument of Peace School)- Niger

The village of Saga, located south of Niamey on the banks of the Niger River, was the initial setting for an innovative experiment in converting a troublesome invasive species in the river basin into an economic opportunity for the local community. Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) has clogged local irrigation systems, limited navigability of the river, restricted access to local markets, a

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Empresa Forestal Integrada de Bayamo (Integrated Forestry Enterprise of Bayamo)- Cuba

The Empresa Forestal Integrada de Bayamo (Integrated Forestry Enterprise of Bayamo) is a state-run forest enterprise operating in the Cuban province of Granma. In 1999, Granma was one of two pilot sites for the ecological forest farms (Fincas Forestales Ecológicas) initiative, which put reforestation of Cuba's Cauto River basin in the hands of smallholder farmers.

The working mod

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Farmers’ Association for Rural Upliftment (FARU) - Philippines

The Farmers' Association for Rural Upliftment (FARU) is an initiative of the Chananaw indigenous people of Kalinga Province in the Philippines. The initiative aims to protect the environmental integrity of the Chananaw's ancestral domain through improved land management and more efficient agricultural techniques. Catalysts for the formation of the initiative included large-scale mining and geot

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Federacion Plurinacional de Turismo Comunitario del Ecuador (FEPTCE, Multinational Federation of Community Tourism in Ecuador)- Ecuador

Federacion Plurinacional de Turismo Comunitario del Ecuador (FEPTCE, Multinational Federation of Community Tourism in Ecuador) brings together indigenous communities across Ecuador that offer tourism, guiding and lodging services. The initiative has especially targeted the country's indigenous, Afro-Ecuadorian, peasant, and montubio (mestizo) communities, who are traditional stewards of Ecuador

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Fédération Locale des GIE de Niodior (FELOGIE-Niodior, Local Federation of Economic Interest Groups of Niodior)- Senegal

Since 2005, this federation of women's economic interest groups, centered on the island of Niodior, has worked to rehabilitate mangrove ecosystems and promote natural resource management in the Saloum Delta Biosphere Reserve. The group was founded in response to multiple pressures on the reserve's mangrove and marine resources, and a 22-woman monitoring committee was established to regulate the

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Fédération Régionale des Groupements de Promotion Féminine de la région de Ziguinchor (FRGPF-Z, Regional Federation of Women’s Advancement Groups, Ziguinchor)- Senegal

The Fédération Régionale des Groupements de Promotion Féminine de la Région de Ziguinchor (FRGPF-Z) has worked since the late 1980s in southwestern Ziguinchor, in a region known as Lower Casamance. The region's wealth of vegetation makes it an important forest reserve in Senegal, including the country's largest population of mangroves.

Twin threats of

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Fikambanan’ny Terak’i Manambolo (FITEMA, Association of Manambolo Natives)- Madagascar

Fikambanan’ny Terak’i Manambolo (FITEMA, Association of Manambolo Natives) has used the reintroduction of an indigenous land use system to help conserve forests and wetlands in the 7,500-hectare Manambolo Valley – a forest corridor which joins the Andringitra and Ranomafana National Parks – while improving food security for local communities. The valley's forests are hom

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Fondation Pole Pole (Pole Pole Foundation)- Congo, Democratic Republic

In 1975, Kahuzi-Biega National Park expanded from 60,000 to 600,000 hectares of forest in eastern DRC. The newly-incorporated lowland forest was home to the endangered Eastern Lowland gorilla (Gorilla Beringei graueri), as well as many indigenous Batwa communities. These communities were forcefully relocated by the expansion of the park, depriving them of a source of local livelihoods, food, an

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FORMADAT: The Alliance of the Indigenous Peoples of the Highlands in the Heart of Borneo- Indonesia,Malaysia

This trans-border indigenous peoples alliance came together in 2004 to build on the shared historical and cultural bonds between the Lundayeh, Kelabit, Lun Bawang, and Sa'ban peoples living in the highlands of the heart of Borneo. The Alliance of the Indigenous Peoples of the Highlands in the Heart of Borneo (FORMADAT) aims to integrate conservation and development at the landscape level and to

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Fundación para la Agricultura Tropical Alternativa y el Desarrollo Integral (FUNDATADI, Foundation for Alternative Tropical Agriculture and Sustainable Development)- Venezuela

Fundación para la Agricultura Tropical Alternativa y el Desarrollo Integral (FUNDATADI, Foundation for Alternative Tropical Agriculture and Sustainable Development) works with rural Piedemonte Andino communities in Barinas, Venezuela, with the aim of conserving local forests while promoting sustainable community development. Agricultural diversification is promoted through the organic cu

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Fundación Pro Reserva Forestal Monte Alto (Foundation for Monte Alto Forest Reserve)- Costa Rica

Responding to local deforestation pressures on the area surrounding the headwaters of the Nosara River, a source of drinking water and of wellbeing for the inhabitants of the small town of Hojancha in the central highlands of the Nicoya peninsula, local farmers came together in 1994 to enhance local forest conservation and create the co-managed Monte Alto Protected Zone. This 924-hectare area w

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Fundación San Crisanto (San Crisanto Foundation)- Mexico

Fundación San Crisanto (San Crisanto Foundation) focuses on mangrove restoration and flood prevention in a region that consistently faces heavy rainfall and flooding. Since the Foundation's establishment, over 11,300 metres of canals have been restored, and 45 cenotes have been delisted and rehabilitated. As a result, flood risk is reduced and populations and diversity of endemic wildlif

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Genetic Resource, Energy, Ecology and Nutrition (GREEN) Foundation- India

With the aim of preserving seed diversity and genetic heritage, encouraging the adoption of organic farming practices, and improving rural livelihoods, GREEN Foundation works through around 40 farmers' groups – termed Krishi Self-Help Groups – covering 30 villages across the northern districts of Karnataka, comprising a target population of almost 5,000 farmers, with a particular fo

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Green Watershed- China

Formed in response to a 1998 Lashihai dam project that flooded large areas of farmland and left the Yi indigenous people displaced, Green Watershed has become a model of indigenous self-organization and participatory watershed management. The group responded to displacement by founding four autonomous organizations for sustainable resource management, each of which have achieved remarkable resu

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Grupo de Estudios Ambientales y Sociales A.C. (GEA, Environmental and Social Studies Group)- Mexico

Grupo de Estudios Ambientales y Sociales A.C. (GEA, Environmental and Social Studies Group) operates in the central mountain region of Guerrero promoting local access to safe water and training communities in sustainable land management.  The organization has reforested more than 500 hectares of land in an important watershed, established more than 60 organic farms, and undertaken terracin

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Guassa-Menz Community Conservation Area- Ethiopia

For over 400 years, the grasslands in the Guassa area of Menz in Ethiopia's central highlands were governed under a communal management system known as Qero. In this system, elected headmen determined when and for how long local people could harvest thatch grass and graze their livestock. Following the 1974 revolution and the collapse of the Qero system due to agrarian reform, the Guassa area s

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Hifadhi Ardhi Shinyanga (HASHI, Shinyanga Soil Conservation Programme)- Tanzania, United Republic

The Shinyanga Soil Conservation Programme, better known by its Swahili acronym HASHI (Hifadhi Ardhi Shinyanga) ran from 1986 to 2004, with the aim of restoring the degraded Shinyanga region of northwest Tanzania. Christened the "Desert of Tanzania" in the mid-1980s by President Julius Nyerere, the region's miombo woodland had been decimated by decades of forest clearing (partly for tsetse fly e

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Hifadhi ya Asili ya Amani (Amani Nature Reserve)- Tanzania, United Republic

The Amani Nature Reserve was created to protect the unique, biologically important sub-montane forest ecosystem of Tanzania's East Usambara Mountains. The biosphere reserve covers an area of about 83,600 hectares, and is home to a number of human settlements as well as unique and endemic biodiversity. These communities have been actively engaged in the management of the reserve since its establ

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I-tokani nei Sisi (Sisi Initiative Site Support Group)- Fiji

Fiji’s Sisi Initiative manages natural resources around the periphery of the Natewa Tunuloa Important Bird Area.  The organization has established a 600-hectare community protected forest and developed alternative livelihood options for the area’s indigenous landowners.  Developed in response to illegal logging, forest fires, overgrazing, agricultural encroachment and inva

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Iniciativa Talamanca (Talamanca Initiative)- Costa Rica

Since the late-1970s, local NGO Asociación ANAI has promoted sustainable farming practices in rural communities living within the Talamanca region of Costa Rica. Home to one-third of the country's indigenous people, the canton ranks lowest in many key socioeconomic indicators, including human development, yet is home to some of the country's richest biodiversity. This natural heritage wa

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Instituto Raoni- Brazil

Instituto Raoni is the organizational face of the Kayapó, a Brazilian indigenous group that is leading the fight against unfettered deforestation of the Amazon. The group uses an innovative media strategy called the 'video warriors' project to document illegal logging in their territory and increase accountability in the most remote regions of the Amazon rainforest. Instituto Raoni also

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Jamii ya Msitu wa Suledo (Suledo Forest Community)- Tanzania, United Republic

In 1993, the Government of Tanzania designated the Suledo Forest as a Central Government Forest Reserve, in an attempt to stem the overexploitation of forest resources in this 167,400-ha stretch of miombo woodland. This move, made without prior local consultation, resulted in the disenfranchisement of nine neighbouring forest-dependent Maasai villages.

These communities resisted the new

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Junta de Manejo Participativo Pesquero de Puerto Cayo (Participatory Fisheries Management Board of Puerto Cayo)- Ecuador

The small fishing community of Puerto Cayo, located in the south-west of Manabi Province on Ecuador's Pacific coast is the setting for an experiment in sustainable fishing methods that has endured since the 1970s. In partnership with government agencies, the Participatory Fisheries Management Board of Puerto Cayo has formalized attempts to better conserve coastal biodiversity and improve fishin

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Kanghua Community Development Center- China

The Kangmei Institute of Community Development and Marketing assists villagers in the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River in China to establish farmer cooperatives and resource management plans that promote the sustainable harvesting of wild herbs and protect giant panda bear habitats.  The unsustainable extraction of medicinal plants has historically had a negative impact on pandas

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Kayonza Growers Tea Factory- Uganda

Operating adjacent to Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, one of Uganda’s oldest rainforests and home to 50 percent of the world’s mountain gorillas, Kayonza Growers Tea Factory is a for-profit community enterprise, 100 percent owned by its 7,205 smallholder tea farmers. Facing deforestation, wetland encroachment, soil degradation, and water shortages, the initiative has worked to en

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Kelompok Peduli Lingkungan Belitung- Indonesia

On an archipelago off the east coast of Sumatra that has been devastated by tin mining and unmitigated industrial development, Kelompok Peduli Lingkungan Belitung is working to rehabilitate, protect, and sustainably manage coastal resources. Community management of coral reefs, mangroves, fishing zones, and tropical forests has led to improved livelihoods and the restoration of a unique marine

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Kerala Kani Community Welfare Trust- India

The Kerala Kani Community Welfare Trust is the result of an innovative partnership between a community of the indigenous Kani people, based in the Western Ghats, Kerala, and a private institute that has developed a medicinal product using local genetic resources and traditional knowledge. The discovery of the medicinal qualities of the Arogyapacha plant (Trichopus zeylanicus) was based on its l

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Kijabe Environment Volunteers (KENVO)- Kenya

Kijabe Environment Volunteers (KENVO) has worked with rural communities on the Kikuyu Escarpment in Kenya since 1996, with a primary focus on forest conservation and reforestation in response to human pressures on the escarpment's forests. The organization has evolved beyond this initial focus, however, into a flexible delivery mechanism for donor-funded interventions and a powerful vehicle for

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Kipsaina Crane and Wetlands Conservation Group- Kenya

This community-based organization has worked since 1990 to conserve wetlands and biodiversity in and around Saiwa Swamp National Park, home to approximately 25 per cent of Kenya's vulnerable Grey Crowned Crane population. During the 1980s eucalyptus cultivation resulted in drainage of the swamp and damage to habitats.

The catalyst for reversing these trends came from a leader of the loc

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